Anticarcinogenic activity of polyphenolic extracts from grape stems against breast, colon, renal and thyroid cancer cells
AuthorSahpazidou, D.; Geromichalos, G. D.; Stagos, D.; Apostolou, A.; Haroutounian, S. A.; Tsatsakis, A. M.; Tzanakakis, G. N.; Hayes, A. W.; Kouretas, D.
A major part of the wineries' wastes is composed of grape stems which are discarded mainly in open fields and cause environmental problems due mainly to their high polyphenolic content. The grape stem extracts' use as a source of high added value polyphenols presents great interest because this combines a profitable venture with environmental protection close to wine-producing zones. In the present study, at first, the Total Polyphenolic Content (TPC) and the polyphenolic composition of grape stem extracts from four different Greek Vitis vinifera varieties were determined by HPLC methods. Afterwards, the grape stem extracts were examined for their ability to inhibit growth of colon (HT29), breast (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-23), renal (786-0 and Caki-1) and thyroid (K1) cancer cells. The cancer cells were exposed to the extracts for 72h and the effects on cell growth were evaluated using the SRB assay. The results indicated that all extracts inhibited cell proliferation, with IC50 values of 121-230μg/ml (MCF-7), 121-184μg/ml (MDA-MD-23), 175-309μg/ml (HT29), 159-314μg/ml (K1), 180-225μg/ml (786-0) and 134->400μg/ml (Caki-1). This is the first study presenting the inhibitory activity of grape stem extracts against growth of colon, breast, renal and thyroid cancer cells. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
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