Occupation as a risk factor for carpal tunnel syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a neurological disease caused by the compression of the median nerve which runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand. It is attributed to both genetic and environmental factors. Occupation is considered as a risk factor for the development of carpal syndrome. More in detail, the main work parameters related to CTS are repetitive and forceful movements while performing a task as well as heavy manual work, specific wrist postures and work with vibrating tools. Diagnosis is based on history record, physical examination and evaluation of symptomatology while the nerve-conduction studies of the median nerve are useful to confirm diagnosis. The syndrome usually responds to conservative measures but surgical operation is not a rare alternative choice. Though last decades, cconsiderable advances were made in understanding CTS pathophysiology, however, prevention still plays a vital role on limiting the expansion of syndrome, thus reducing not only the economic burden on the Health System of each country but also the disastrous consequences on the individual's life. © PHARMAKON-Press.