Association of interleukin-1A, interleukin-1B and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene polymorphisms with multiple myeloma
AuthorAbazis-Stamboulieh, D.; Oikonomou, P.; Papadoulis, N.; Panayiotidis, P.; Vrakidou, E.; Tsezou, A.
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a cytokine involved in the maturation and proliferation of B cells and plays a significant role in the development of lytic bone lesions, a major clinical feature of multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Genes that regulate products involved in the immune system are highly polymorphic and contribute to inter-individual differences that can influence the genetic predisposition and progression of particular diseases and cancers. In this study, we investigated the correlation between the single nucleotide polymorphisms IL1A -889, IL1B -511, IL1B +3954, IL1RN Mspa1 +11100 and susceptibility to MM in 74 patients and 160 controls. We found that individuals possessing IL1A -889 CT polymorphism had a higher risk in developing MM. Moreover, genotypes IL1B 7511 CC, IL1B +3954 CC, IL-1RN Mspa1 +11100 CC and the combination of IL 1B +3954 CC with IL1B 7511 CC or IL-1RN Mspa1 +11100 CC exerted a protective effect in individuals possessing them.