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Anti-inflammatory effects of a special carbohydrate-whey protein cake after exhaustive cycling in humans
Intense exercise induces increased levels of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a special cake (consisting of carbohydrate to whey protein 3.5:1) ...
Grape pomace extract exerts antioxidant effects through an increase in GCS levels and GST activity in muscle and endothelial cells
In a previous study, we demonstrated that a grape pomace extract (GPE) exerted antioxidant activity in endothelial (EA. hy926) and muscle (C2C12) cells through an increase in glutathione (GSH) levels. In the present study, ...
Effects of polyphenolic grape extract on the oxidative status of muscle and endothelial cells
A grape pomace extract enhanced antioxidant mechanisms in muscle and endothelial cells both in the absence and in the presence of oxidative stress-induced agent tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP). In particular, muscle (C2C12) ...
Effect of a special carbohydrate-protein cake on oxidative stress markers after exhaustive cycling in humans
Exercise has been associated with oxidative stress that is correlated with muscle fatigue and reduced exercise performance. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a special cake (consisting of carbohydrate to ...
Antioxidant effects of whey protein on muscle C2C12 cells
In the present study, the in vitro scavenging activity of sheep whey protein against free radicals, as well as its reducing power were determined and compared with that of beef protein, soy protein and cow whey protein. ...