Effect of adrenaline on transmesothelial resistance of isolated sheep pleura
AuthorZarogiannis, S.; Hatzoglou, C.; Stefanidis, I.; Matafia, G.; Vogiatzidis, K.; Gourgoulianis, K.; Molyvdas, P. A.
The effect of adrenaline on the transmesothelial resistance (R-TM) of sheep's visceral and parietal pleura was studied using the Ussing chamber technique. Basal transmesothelial resistance of visceral pleura was found to be 20.71 +/- 0.31 Omega cm(2), whereas that of parietal pleura was found to be 19.53 +/- 10.34 Omega cm(2). Immediately after the addition of adrenaline (10(-7) M) both apically and basolaterally on the visceral and parietal pleura, these values were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Addition of the nonselective beta-receptor blocker, propranolol (10(-5) M), suppressed this effect in both visceral and parietal pleura, while addition of the nonselective alpha-receptor blocker, phentolamine (10-5 M), partly suppressed the above-mentioned increase ill the parietal pleura. In conclusion. our results show that adrenaline has a rapid effect on both pleurae. This rapid effect is mediated by the stimulation of beta-adrenergic receptors in the case of visceral pleura, while in the case of parietal pleura this effect seems to be due to a stimulation of alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors. On the visceral pleura the effect of adrenaline vanishes after some minutes and on the parietal this effect is more permanent than the visceral's one, suggesting differences in the distribution of the adrenergic receptors between the visceral and parietal pleura. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.