How wall properties control diffusion in grooved nanochannels: a molecular dynamics study
The effect of a geometrically-rough wall, amplified by its degree of wettability and stiffness on diffusion coefficient in cases of fluid flow in nanochannels is studied by non-equilibrium molecular dynamics. Diffusion coefficient values, either inside the grooves or as average channel values are affected by the rough wall characteristics. A significant anisotropy along the directions parallel and normal to the flow is observed inside the grooves, while a critical value of groove length below which this anisotropy is enhanced exists. Wall wettability is the property that affects diffusion the most and could be a means of controlling its behavior.