Ranolazine Enhances the Antiarrhythmic Activity of Amiodarone by Accelerating Conversion of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation After Cardiac Surgery
AuthorSimopoulos, V.; Tagarakis, G. I.; Daskalopoulou, S. S.; Daskalopoulos, M. E.; Lenos, A.; Chryssagis, K.; Skoularingis, I.; Molyvdas, P. A.; Tsilimingas, N. B.; Aidonidis, I.
Ranolazine is a relatively novel antiischemic/antianginal compound with antiarrhythmic properties. We investigated its ability to shorten the time to conversion of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) when added to amiodarone after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. In this prospective, randomized, allocation-concealed, single-blind, single-site clinical trial, we enrolled consecutive eligible patients who developed POAF after elective on-pump CABG surgery. Participants were randomized to receive either ranolazine 375 mg twice daily orally plus intravenous amiodarone (active group) or intravenous amiodarone alone (control group). We enrolled 41 patients; 20 in the active and 21 in the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of age, procedural duration, extracorporeal circulation time, and aortic cross-clamp time. Mean time of conversion was significantly shorter in the active group (19.9 +/- 3.2 vs 37.2 +/- 3.9 hours, P < .001), suggesting that compared to amiodarone alone, the ranolazine-amiodarone combination had a superior antiarrhythmic effect against POAF.