Large-scale population genetic analysis for hemoglobinopathies reveals different mutation spectra in central Greece compared to the rest of the country
AuthorSamara, M.; Chiotoglou, I.; Kalamaras, A.; Likousi, S.; Chassanidis, C.; Vagena, A.; Vagenas, C.; Eftichiadis, E.; Vamvakopoulos, N.; Patrinos, G. P.; Kollia, P.
We have undertaken a large population screening study to identify the molecular basis of hemoglobinopathies in the central Greece region. A total of 845 unrelated beta-thalassemia patients and alpha-, beta-, and delta beta-thalassemia carriers have been recruited and screened for mutations in the a- and P-globin gene clusters. The alpha(-MED) deletion and the Turkish inversion/deletion are the most frequent genetic rearrangements leading to alpha- and delta beta-thalassemia respectively, contrary to the situation in the rest of the country, while the beta-101 (C > T) promoter mutation is surprisingly frequent in the central part of Greece. Our data indicate that determination of mutation frequencies in different regions is vital for accurate provision of genetic services and counseling and for precise estimation of genetic diversity.