Uniform and prolonged changes in blood oxidative stress after muscle-damaging exercise
AuthorPaschalis, V.; Nikolaidis, M. G.; Fatouros, I. G.; Giakas, G.; Koutedakis, Y.; Karatzaferi, C.; Kouretas, D.; Jamurtas, A. Z.
Background: The effect of eccentric exercise on the time-course changes in several indices of muscle damage and blood oxidative stress was examined. Materials and Methods: Isometric torque, delayed-onset muscle soreness, creatine kinase, reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), thiobarbituric-acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein carbonyls, catalase, uric acid, bilirubin and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in blood were measured pre-, 24 h, 48 h and 72 h post-eccentric exercise of knee extensors in ten females. Results: The concentration of all oxidative stress indices changed significantly in a way indicating increased oxidative stress in the blood (GSH and GSH/GSSG, decreased, whereas GSSG, TBARS, protein carbonyls, catalase, uric acid, bilirubin and TAC increased) peaking, in all but TBARS, at 48 h and returning toward baseline afterwards. Conclusion: We believe that muscle-damaging exercise should be viewed as a different challenge compared to non-muscle-damaging exercise with regard to its effects on blood oxidative stress.