Increased gamma-globin gene expression in beta-thalassemia intermedia patients correlates with a mutation in 3'HS1
AuthorPapachatzopoulou, A.; Kaimakis, P.; Pourfarzad, F.; Menounos, P. G.; Evangelakou, P.; Kollia, P.; Grosveld, F. G.; Patrinos, G. P.
We report a novel set of genetic markers in the DNasel hypersensitive sites comprising the human P-globin locus chromatin hub (CH), namely HS-111 and 3'HS1. The HS-111 (-21 G>A) and 3'HS1 (+179 C>T) transitions form CH haplotypes, which occur at different frequencies in beta-thalassemia intermedia and major patients and normal (nonthalassemic) individuals. We also show that the 3'HS1 (+179 C>T) variation results in a GATA-1 binding site and correlates with increased fetal hemoglobin production in beta-thalassemia intermedia patients. In contrast, the HS-111 (+126 G>A) transition, found in three normal chromosomes, is simply a rare polymorphism. We conclude that the CH haplotypes are useful genetic determinants for beta-thalassemia major and intermedia patients, while the 3'HS1 (+179 C>T) mutation may have functional consequences in y-globin genes expression.