Post-Partum Involution of the Canine Uterus - Gross Anatomical and Histological Features
AutorOrfanou, D. C.; Ververidis, H. N.; Pourlis, A.; Fragkou, I. A.; Kokoli, A. N.; Boscos, C. M.; Taitzoglou, I. A.; Tzora, A.; Nerou, C. M.; Athanasiou, L.; Fthenakis, G. C.
We aimed to study the normal puerperium in the bitch. Ovariohysterectomy was performed in nine bitches, each at a different day after normal whelping; their genital tract was subject to gross anatomical examination, as well as to histological examination and electron microscopy scanning. Corpora albicans were evenly distributed in the left and right ovaries and placental sites were evenly distributed among left and right uterine horns. Placental sites were initially of dark green to grey colour, later becoming dark brown; their length and height progressively decreased. Height of the myometrium and diameter of the uterine glands progressively decreased. Trophoblast-like cells were consistently observed at the placental sites and on the surface of the interplacental areas, at all time points where hysterectomy had been performed. It is suggested that involution of the canine genital tract can last up to 3 months and is slow. Continuous (up to D84 post-partum) presence of prominent placental sites should be considered a normal feature of canine uterine post-partum involution.