Differential fungicidal activities of amphotericin B and voriconazole against Aspergillus species determined by microbroth methodology
AuthorMeletiadis, J.; Antachopoulos, C.; Stergiopoulou, T.; Pournaras, S.; Roilides, E.; Walsh, T. J.
Antifungal agents may differ in their fungicidal activities against Aspergillus spp. In order to compare the fungicidal activities of voriconazole and amphotericin B against 40 isolates of Aspergillus fumigatus, A. flavus, and A. terreus, we developed a new microbroth colorimetric method for assessing fungicidal activities and determining minimal fungicidal concentrations (MFCs). This methodology follows the antifungal susceptibility testing reference method M-38A for MIC determination. After drug removal and addition of fresh medium, growth of viable conidia adhering to the bottoms of the microtitration wells was assessed by a colorimetric assay of metabolic activity after 24 h of incubation. The new method was faster (six times), reproducible (92 to 97%), and in agreement with culture-based MFCs (91 to 100%). Differential fungicidal activities of voriconazole and amphotericin B were found among the three Aspergillus species, with A. fumigatus and A. flavus having the lowest (1 and 2 mg/liter, respectively) and A. terreus the highest (>16 mg/liter) median amphotericin B MFCs; A. flavus had a lower median voriconazole MFC (4 mg/liter) than the other species (>8 mg/liter; P < 0.05). Amphotericin B was fungicidal (MFC/MIC ≤ 4) against all A. fumigatus and A. flavus isolates but no A. terreus isolates, whereas voriconazole was fungicidal against 82% of A. flavus isolates and fungistatic (MFC/MIC > 4) against 94% of A. fumigatus and 84% of A. terreus isolates. The new methodology revealed a concentration- dependent sigmoid pattern of fungicidal effects, indicating that fungicidal activity is not an all-or-nothing phenomenon and that some degree of fungicidal action can be found even for agents considered fungistatic based on the MFC/MIC ratio. Copyright © 2007, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
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