A 2D cellular automaton biofilm detachment algorithm
A cellular-automaton based two-dimensional biofilm detachment module is developed. The module is an improvement of previously presented methodologies for modeling biofilm detachment under the influence of hydrodynamic forces of the moving fluid in which biofilm develops. It uses biofilm mechanical properties that are variable in time and space and are determined by the percentage of each biofilm solid substanceactive biomass, extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) and residual dead biomassand pores that are contained in each cellular automaton compartment in the biofilm column. A methodology is presented that estimates wall shear stresses applied on the biofilm by the fluid for different hydrodynamic conditions and an association with the biofilm mechanical properties is created to predict its detachment. The module is applied in samples created by the UMCCA model [Laspidou and Rittmann, Water Res 38 (2004), 3362-3372]. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
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Laspidou, C. S.; Kungolos, A.; Samaras, P. (2007)Biofilms are found everywhere in natural waters forming complex microbial communities, playing an important role in ecosystem processes in streams and lakes and making their characterization a major research question. ...
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