Genetic polymorphisms in the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) gene and prostate cancer risk in Caucasian men
AuthorKaratzas, A.; Giannatou, E.; Tzortzis, V.; Gravas, S.; Aravantinos, E.; Moutzouris, G.; Melekos, M.; Tsezou, A.
Background: Catechol-estrogen metabolites can induce carcinogenesis by acting as endogenous tumor initiators. Glucuronidation, mediated by the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) enzyme, is a main metabolic pathway of estrogen detoxification in steroid target tissues, such as the prostate. The aim of our study was to investigate the possible correlation between UGT1A1 promoter gene polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk. Patients and methods: 129 patients with prostate cancer and 260 healthy controls were included in our study. A(TA)TAA promoter polymorphism of UGT1A1 gene was studied using the Fragment Analysis Software of an automated DNA sequencer and three genotypes (homozygous 7/7, heterozygous 6/7 and normal homozygous 6/6) were identified. Results: No significant differences were observed between the cancer group and controls regarding the genotyping distribution of the three UGT1A1 promoter genotypes (P > 0.05). Also, no association was found between overall disease risk and the presence of the polymorphic homozygous genotype (TA(7)/TA(7) vs TA(6)/TA(7) + TA(6)/TA(6)) (P = 0.18). In addition, no association was revealed between UGT1A1 genotype distribution and Gleason score (P = 0.55). Conclusion: Our data suggest that the TA repeat polymorphism of UGT1A1 gene does not seem to alter prostate cancer risk susceptibility in Caucasian men. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.