Non-contact Current Transfer Induces the Formation and Improves the X-ray Diffraction Quality of Protein Crystals
AuthorBoltsis, I.; Lagoumintzis, G.; Chatzileontiadou, D. S. M.; Giastas, P.; Tzartos, S. J.; Leonidas, D. D.; Poulas, K.
The effect of non-contact current transfer on the crystallization of three model proteins (hen egg white lysozyme, bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A, and human recombinant insulin) was investigated using a prototype ion-generator device. The device can produce an equivalent of microcurrent that can be transmitted in a contactless manner by spraying negatively charged ions and using available air gases (O-2) as a transfer medium. From a crystallographic perspective, non-contact current transfer technology clearly enhanced the crystal formation process of these three proteins, as evidenced by the high crystallization speed and crystal quality. The quality and X-ray diffraction patterns of lysozyme crystals grown in the presence and absence of the device's microcurrent were analyzed. Our results indicate a significant positive effect on the quality of the X-ray diffraction pattern after non-contact current transfer, highlighting the value of this technique in protein crystallization.