Relation of anxiety to hostility in the course of inpatient treatment
AuthorAngelopoulos, N. V.
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between anxiety and hostility in hospitalized psychiatric patients, with the passage of time. The used psychometric instruments were the state of anxiety subscale (sA) of the Delusions Symptoms States Inventory (DSSI) and the Hostility and Direction of Hostility Questionnaire (HDHQ). The two questionnaires were administered during the first week of admission and completed again before the discharge of the patient. Two groups of patients emerged and were examined according to the sA scores reported on the second measurement. Group I (n = 44) consisted of patients reporting lower anxiety scores on the second measurement and Group 11 (n = 22) consisted of patients reporting higher anxiety scores on the second measurement. In Group 1, the drop of anxiety scores was accompanied by parallel and highly significant drops of all hostility scores. In Group 11, the increased anxiety scores were accompanied by non-significant or marginally significant changes of hostility scores. The notion that hostility and anxiety are positively related was not fully supported. Also, the opposite thesis that there is a negative relationship between anxiety and hostility was not supported. The present study suggests that the levels of anxiety during the course of inpatient treatment are a factor influencing the temporal relationship between anxiety and hostility.