Male Breast Carcinoma: Epidemiology, Risk Factors and Current Therapeutic Approaches
AuthorZygogianni, A. G.; Kyrgias, G.; Gennatas, C.; Ilknur, A.; Armonis, V.; Tolia, M.; Papaloukas, C.; Pistevou, G.; Kouvaris, J.; Kouloulias, V.
Male breast cancer is a very rare disease with an incidence of about 0.5-1% comparing with the one of female breast cancer but relatively little is known about its cause. Treatment strategies for breast cancer in males are derived from studies performed among females. The probable reasons behind the frequent, late diagnoses presented at stages III or IV might be the lack of awareness. The rarity of the disease precludes large prospective randomized clinical trials. This study reviews male breast cancer and its risk factors, recommendations for diagnosis and the management of patients with male breast cancer.