Regulatory volume decrease of rat kidney principal cells after successive hypo-osmotic shocks
AuthorZarogiannis, S. G.; Ilyaskin, A. V.; Baturina, G. S.; Katkova, L. E.; Medvedev, D. A.; Karpov, D. I.; Ershov, A. P.; Solenov, E. I.
Outer Medullary Collecting Duct (OMCD) principal cells are exposed to significant changes of the extracellular osmolarity and thus the analysis of their regulatory volume decrease (RVD) function is of great importance in order to avoid cell membrane rupture and subsequent death. In this paper we provide a sub-second temporal analysis of RVD events occurring after two successive hypo-osmotic challenges in rat kidney OMCD principal cells. We performed experimental cell volume measurements and created a mathematical model based on our experimental results. As a consequence of RVD the cell expels part of intracellular osmolytes and reduces the permeability of the plasma membrane to water. The next osmotic challenge does not cause significant RVD if it occurs within a minute after the primary shock. In such a case the cell reacts as an ideal osmometer. Through our model we provide the basis for further detailed studies on RVD dynamical modeling. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.