Autoimmune hepatitis type 1 and primary biliary cirrhosis have distinct bone marrow cytokine production
AuthorZachou, K.; Rigopoulou, E. I.; Tsikrikoni, A.; Alexandrakis, M. G.; Passam, F.; Kyriakou, D. S.; Stathakis, N. E.; Dalekos, G. N.
We have recently reported differences in the hematopoiesis between autoimmune hepatitis type I (AIH-1) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In view of the notion that cytokines are regulators of hematopoiesis, we investigated in our tertiary center the cytokine production in the bone marrow (BM) of the same consecutive cohort of patients (13 AIH-1, 13 PBC, 10 healthy and 7 patients with cirrhosis due to chronic hepatitis B). Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-4 (IL-4), inteleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) were determined in the supernatants of long-term BM Cultures by ELISAs. IL-4, TNF-alpha. and TGF-beta were found significantly increased in the BM of PBC patients compared to AIH-1 and both control groups. AIH-1 patients had significantly higher BM IL-10 compared to PBC patients and higher IL-10, IL-4 and TNF-a. compared to controls. BM IFN-gamma was significantly higher in PBC and AIH-1 patients compared to controls. In AIH-1 patients, IL-10 was positively correlated with CD34+, CD34+/CD38- and CD34+/CD38+ cell proportions. In conclusion, the BM cytokine microenvironment of PBC and AH-1 patients differs significantly compared to that of healthy individuals and cirrhotic patients of non-autoimmune etiology. Differences were also found between patients with PBC and AH-1. The implication of BM in the pathogenesis of autoimmune liver diseases is possible and needs further investigation. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.