Constitutive modeling of porous viscoelastic materials
The effect of porosity on the constitutive response of an isotropic linearly viscoelastic solid that obeys a constitutive law of the standard differential form is investigated under small strain deformation conditions. The correspondence principle of linear viscoelasticity is used to solve the viscoelastic boundary value problem at a unit cell containing a spherical void and loaded axisymmetrically by macroscopic stresses. The results are used to devise a constitutive potential for the description of the porous material for any arbitrary combination of hydrostatic and deviatoric loadings, and the associated 3-D constitutive relationship is determined in the Laplace transform domain. Inversion to the time domain yields the constitutive law of the porous material as a function of porosity in the standard form of convolution integrals. The presence of porosity establishes relaxation time scales for the porous body that differ from the relaxation time of the pure matrix material and brings about a viscous character to the overall hydrostatic response. The numerical implementation of the model in a general purpose finite element code is outlined. The model is used to predict the response of a porous solid propellant material in uniaxial tension and cyclic loading at room temperature. (c) 2007 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.