Assessment of synthetic polymeric coatings for the protection and preservation of stone monuments
The performance of five synthetic coatings for the protection of stone monuments of Hellenistic and Byzantine period has been evaluated. The selected coatings included four commercially available siloxane-, siloxane/acrylic- and perfluoroether-based compositions, as well as a new composition based on newly synthesized fluoro-organosilane. The coatings were applied onto petrologically different stone substrates, such as marble, travertine, sandstone and a newly baked brick compatible with Roman period bricks, used for the restoration processes in Galerius Palace, Thessaloniki, Greece. The coatings' protective efficiency was investigated by measurement of water-stone contact angles, water vapor permeability, and water absorption by capillarity. The optical properties of the applied coatings were also investigated and they were also ranked with regard to their optical characteristics. © 2007 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.