Survivin isoform expression patterns in CML patients correlate with resistance to imatinib and progression, but do not trigger cytolytic responses
AuthorSpeletas, M.; Argentou, N.; Karanikas, V.; Gramoustianou, E. S.; Mandala, E.; Braimi, M.; Matsouka, P.; Ritis, K.; Germenis, A. E.
Tyrosine-kinase inhibitors are very effective in patients with CML, but in most cases the disease relapses after their discontinuation. As a result, novel approaches should be considered, such as anti-survivin treatment or anti-survivin-based immunotherapy. To gain insight into the roles of survivin isoform expression and specific CD8(+) T cells in CML, we investigated 51 patients at different stages, both at diagnosis and during treatment. We demonstrated that (i) patients at advanced-stage displayed an increased expression of the standard-survivin form along with a significant decrease of survivin-2B and -Delta Ex3 levels, (ii) patients in chronic phase with higher expression of the standard-survivin exhibited a 3.5-fold increased probability not to achieve an optimal response to imatinib (p=0.048), (iii) responders displayed a significant up-regulation of all survivin isoforms in bone marrow, and (iv) anti-survivin CD8(+) T cells were undetectable both at diagnosis and during treatment. Accordingly, our results question the validity of innmunotherapeutic approaches targeting survivin in CML. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.