Expression of the O-linked N-acetylglucosamine containing epitope H in normal myometrium and uterine smooth muscle cell tumors
AuthorSgantzos, M. N.; Galani, V.; Arvanitis, L. D.; Charchanti, A.; Psathas, P.; Nakoou, M.; Havaki, S.; Kallioras, V.; Marinos, E.; Vamvakopoulos, N. C.; Kittas, C.
Epitope H contains an O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) residue in a specific conformation and/or environment recognized by monoclonal antibody H (mAbH). We have previously shown that epitope H is present in more than one polypeptide and in various types of normal and pathological cells. In the present study, we focused on uterine smooth muscle cell tumors and their adjacent normal myometrium to gain further insight into the expression patterns of epitope H in human tissues. The indirect immunoperoxidase method was applied using the mAbH and the monoclonal anti-cytokeratin 8 antibody (AbCK8) in 50 cases of typical uterine leiomyomas and in five cases of uterine leiomyosarcomas, with four cases belonging to Group II A and one to Group III according to Bell et at. . Western immunoblotting was applied using mAbH and AbCK8 in five cases of uterine leiomyomas and their adjacent myometrium. The main results were as follows: (1) epitope H showed intense immunohistochemical expression in 46% (23/50) and moderate expression in 54% (27/50) of uterine leiomyomas, (2) epitope H showed intense immunohistochemical expression in 40% (2/5) and moderate expression in 60% (3/5) of uterine leiomyosarcomas, (3) epitope H showed no difference in the immunohistochemical expression between leiomyomas and their adjacent myometrium and between leiomyosarcomas and their adjacent myometrium, (4) immunohistochernical expression of cytokeratin 8 was not detected in the normal and neoplastic smooth muscle cells, (5) Western immunoblotting showed that in the smooth muscle cells of the myometrium and leiomyomas, epitope H is localized in four polypeptides with molecular weights of 100, 61, 59, and 54 kDa, and (6) Western immunoblotting did not detect cytokeratin 8 in the normal and neoplastic smooth muscle cells. The present results indicate fluctuations of the epitope expression levels in uterine smooth muscle cell tumors and their adjacent myometrium. These fluctuations may be of interest for gaining insight into the pathogenesis of uterine smooth muscle cell tumors, since O-GlcNAc glycosylation is involved in cell cycle and apoptosis pathways and may modify proteins involved in oncogenesis (tumor suppressor proteins and oncoproteins) and proteins with important biological functions such as cytoskeletal proteins, transcription factors, and heat-shock proteins. Furthermore, the present results indicate that cytokeratin 8, without being present in the cells of the myometrium, leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas, shares its epitope H, which contains its unique sugar O-N-acetylglucosamine residue, with four other unrelated polypeptides produced by the normal and neoplastic smooth muscle cells. This should be considered when using anti-cytokeratin 8 antibodies in immunohistochemistry against smooth muscle cell tumors to avoid false positive immunohistochemical results. (c) 2006 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.