Asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) as target autoantigen in liver autoimmunity: Lost and found
AuthorRigopoulou, E. I.; Roggenbuck, D.; Smyk, D. S.; Liaskos, C.; Mytilinaiou, M. G.; Feist, E.; Conrad, K.; Bogdanos, D. P.
Asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) has attracted the attention of liver immunologists for many years. This liver-specific lectin was found to be a major B and T cell autoantigenic target in patients with autoimmune liver diseases, and in particular in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). This review discusses the biological significance of ASGPR and its relevance to the pathogenesis of autoimmune and virus-triggered liver diseases. We also discuss emerging data on the diagnostic and clinical relevance of anti-ASGPR antibodies in light of recent reports based on commercially available anti-ASGPR enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Finally, we critically revisit the data reporting on disease-specific cellular immune responses against ASGPR and their relevance in relation to the pathogenesis of AIH. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.