Decomposition of NH3 on Pd and Ir - Comparison with Pt and Rh
The unimolecular decompositions of NH3 on polycrystalline wires and foils of Pd and Ir are examined and compared with the corresponding ones on Pt and Ph. The reactions were carried out in a differential flow reactor, at pressures from 0.01 to 1 Ton and temperatures from 500 to 1900 K. It was found that the rates of product formation could be fit by Langmuir-Hinshelwood unimolecular rate expressions, with an accuracy of +/- 20% under all conditions. Ammonia decomposes to N-2 and the rate of decomposition is fastest on Ir by several orders of magnitude when compared with that on the other metals, becoming flux limited above about 750 K. Ir appears to be the choice catalyst for dehydrogenating ammonia. The heats of adsorption of NH3, on Pt, Ph and Pd are similar and equal to 16.7, 16.8 and 17.4 kcal/mol, respectively. The apparent activation energy for this reaction is similar on Pt and Ph and equal to 21 kcal/mol, while for Pd and Ir it is 26.2 and 31.2 kcal/mol, respectively.