Relation between leptin and cortisol values in umbilical vessels at normal vaginal delivery
To study the role of various hormones in the control of fetal leptin secretion during labour, 33 pregnant women with normal singleton term pregnancy were recruited. At the time of spontaneous vaginal delivery, a venous blood sample was taken from the women together with a venous and an arterial cord blood sample. In all blood samples, leptin, cortisol, prolactin and progesterone were measured. Serum leptin and cortisol values were significantly higher, while those of prolactin and progesterone were significantly lower in the mother than in the two umbilical vessels (p < 0.01). Cortisol levels were significantly higher in the umbilical artery than in the umbilical vein (p < 0.01). Serum leptin values in the umbilical artery and vein correlated significantly with the corresponding values of cortisol (r = 0.523 and r = 0.580 respectively, p < 0.01), but not with those of prolactin and progesterone. A weak but significant correlation was found between leptin values in the two umbilical vessels and birth weight (r = 0.385 and r = 0.401 respectively, p < 0.05). In multiple regression analysis, cortisol values but not birth weight was the most important determinant of leptin values. Birth weight, however, correlated significantly with placental weight (r = 0.776, p < 0.001). These results demonstrate for the first time that leptin concentrations in the umbilical vessels at normal vaginal delivery correlate significantly with cortisol values, thus providing evidence that cortisol mediates a labour stimulating effect on fetal leptin secretion. It is suggested that cord blood leptin values at delivery are not a good predictor of neonatal weight.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Domali, E.; Messinis, I. E. (2002)Leptin is a 16-kDa polypeptide, encoded in humans by the LEP gene. This protein is probably involved in the regulation of ovarian function, oocyte maturation and embryo development, and in the implantation process. During ...
Messinis, I. E.; Milingos, S. D. (1999)The recent discovery of the obese (ob) gene has provided new insight into the mechanism which controls body fat mass. Leptin, a product of the ob gene, serves as the link between fat and the brain. This protein, by acting ...
Association of sleep apnea severity and obesity with insulin resistance, C-reactive protein, and leptin levels in male patients with obstructive sleep apnea Kapsimalis, F.; Varouchakis, G.; Manousaki, A.; Daskas, S.; Nikita, D.; Kryger, M.; Gourgoulianis, K. (2008)Obesity is the major confounding factor in the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of sleep apnea severity ...