Rarefied gas flow in a triangular duct based on a boundary fitted lattice
The rarefied fully developed flow of a gas through a duct of a triangular cross section is solved in the whole range of the Knudsen number. The flow is modelled by the BGK kinetic equation, subject to Maxwell diffuse boundary conditions. The numerical solution is based on the discrete velocity method. which is applied for first time on a triangular lattice in the physical Space. The boundaries of the flow and computational domains are identical deducing accurate results with modest computational effort. Results on the velocity profiles and on the flow rates for ducts of various triangular cross sections are reported and they are valid in the whole range of gas rarefaction. Their accuracy is validated in several ways, including the recovery of the analytical solutions at the free molecular and hydrodynamic limits. The successful implementation of the triangular grid elements is promising for generalizing kinetic type solutions to rarefied flows in domains with complex boundaries using adaptive and unstructured grids. (C) 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.