Leptin concentrations in normal women following bilateral ovariectomy
To study the relationships between gonadal steroids and leptin, 20 women with normal cycles were investigated during the postoperative period following a laparotomy. Fourteen women underwent bilateral ovariectomy plus total hysterectomy either in the mid- to late follicular phase (n = 7, group 1) or in the early to midluteal phase (n = 7, group 2). The remaining six of the 20 women underwent cholocystectomy in the early to midfollicular phase of the cycle and were used as controls (group 3). In all three groups, serum leptin values decreased rapidly up to postoperative day 4. Then, leptin values increased significantly only in group 3 (P < 0.05). Leptin values before and after the operation showed significant positive correlations with body mass index (BMI), oestradiol and progesterone. However, with multiple regression analysis, BMI was the only parameter significantly correlated with leptin in group 3 (days 0 and 4-7), whereas in groups 1 and 2 progesterone and BMI showed independent significant correlations with leptin (days 0 and 8, r = 0.601 and r = 0.602 respectively). These results demonstrate for the first time a significant reduction in leptin concentrations in normal women following bilateral ovariectomy. Although BMI seems to be the predominant factor, it is also suggested that oestradiol and progesterone may participate in the control of leptin production during the human menstrual cycle.