Blood reflects tissue oxidative stress: a systematic review
AuthorMargaritelis, N. V.; Veskoukis, A. S.; Paschalis, V.; Vrabas, I. S.; Dipla, K.; Zafeiridis, A.; Kyparos, A.; Nikolaidis, M. G.
We examined whether the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers measured in blood reflect the tissue redox status. Data from studies that measured redox biomarkers in blood, heart, liver, kidney and skeletal muscle were analyzed. In seven out of nine investigated redox biomarkers (malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, vitamin C and E) there was generally good qualitative and quantitative agreement between the blood and tissues. In contrast, oxidized glutathione and the reduced to oxidized glutathione ratio showed poor agreement between the blood and tissues. This study suggests that most redox biomarkers measured in blood adequately reflect tissue redox status.