The effect of a physical activity programme on improving mood profile of patients with schizophrenia
AuthorMaggouritsa, G.; Kokaridas, D.; Theodorakis, I.; Patsiaouras, A.; Mouzas, O.; Dimitrakopoulos, S.; Diggelidis, N.
Objectives: Physical activity in persons with schizophrenia is associated with improvement of physical health parameters, reductions in depression and anxiety and an increased social interaction and psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an exercise programme on improving mood profile of 30 patients with schizophrenia, separated in three groups (control group, experiment group A and experiment group B) of 10 individuals. Methods: Data from patients with schizophrenia collected using the instrument Profile of Mood States which was selected and administered prior, during and after application of the exercise programme. Repeated measures ANOVA and post hoc paired t-test were used to examine the short-term effect of the exercise programme prior and after the 1st, the 12th and the 24th training session between and within groups, respectively. The eight weeks duration of the exercise programme was conducted combining physical activity with behavioural treatment so as to promote exercise behaviour and minimise drop out risk.Results: Experiment group B participants as compared to those of the experiment group A and control group reported at the end of the exercise programme as felling more vigorous, less depressed and less confused leading to an improved total mood score. Conclusions: Physical activity interventions referring to schizophrenia patients that also incorporate behaviour strategies lead to an improved mood profile of patients with psychosis. © 2014 © 2014 International Society of Sport Psychology.