Radiological evaluation of the metal-bone interface of a porous tantalum monoblock acetabular component
AuthorMacheras, G. A.; Papagelopoulos, P. J.; Kateros, K.; Kostakos, A. T.; Baltas, D.; Karachalios, T. S.
Between January 1998 and December 1998, 82 consecutive patients (86 hips) underwent total hip arthroplasty using a trabecular metal monoblock acetabular component. All patients had a clinical and radiological follow-up evaluation at six, 12 and 24 weeks, 12 months, and then annually thereafter. On the initial post-operative radiograph 25 hips had a gap between the outer surface of the component and the acetabular host bed which from 1 to 5 mm. All patients were followed up clinically and radiologically for a mean of 7.3 years (7 to 7.5). The 25 hips with the 1 to 5 mm gaps were studied for component at two years using the Einzel-Bild-Roentgen-Analyse (EBRA) digital measurement At 24 weeks all the post-operative gaps were filled with bone and no acetabular had migrated. The radiographic outcome of all 86 components showed no radiolucent lines and no evidence of lysis. No acetabular implant was revised. There were no dislocations or other complications. The bridging of the interface gaps (up to 5 mm) by the trabecular metal monoblock acetabular component indicates the strong osteoconductive, and possibly osteoinductive, properties of trabecular metal.