Therapeutic value of antidepressants in asthma
AuthorKrommydas, G.; Gourgoulianis, K. I.; Karamitsos, K.; Krapis, K.; Kotrotsiou, E.; Molyvdas, P. A.
Laboratory and clinical data provide evidence that a biological linkage exists between asthma and depression. Cytokines are key molecules in both diseases. They promote allergic reaction as well as depressive symptomatology. Antidepressants may have a therapeutic role in asthma by suppressing production of proinflammatory cytokines, inducing production of anti-inflammatory ones and preventing their brain effects. Most antidepressants also induce adaptive changes in central monoaminergic neurotransmission, which itself might modulate immune reactivity and central actions of cytokines. Antidepressants may also have direct effects on the immune cells. Their impact on hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis is discussed. Antidepressants are expected to terminate the cascade of inflammatory events in other inflammatory diseases as well. The use of antidepressants in experimental clinical trials in patients with asthma is suggested. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.