Blood velocity pulse quantification in the human conjunctival pre-capillary arterioles
AuthorKoutsiaris, A. G.; Tachmitzi, S. V.; Papavasileiou, P.; Batis, N.; Kotoula, M. G.; Giannoukas, A. D.; Tsironi, E.
Axial red blood cell velocity pulse was quantified throughout its period by high speed video microcinematography in the human eye. In 30 conjunctival precapillary arterioles (6 to 12 mu m in diameter) from 15 healthy humans, axial velocities ranged from 0.4 (the minimum of all the end diastolic values) to 5.84 mm/s (the maximum of all the peak systolic values). With the velocity pulse properly quantified, two parameters can be estimated: (1) the average velocity of the pulse during a cardiac cycle AVV (average velocity value) and (2) the magnitude of the pulsation using Pourcelot's resistive index RI. These parameters are important for the estimation of other hemodynamic parameters such as the average volume flow and the average shear stress. The results of this study revealed that the AVV in the human precapillary arterioles ranged between 0.52 and 3.26 mm/s with a mean value for all microvessels of 1.66 mm/s +/- 0.11 (SE). The RI ranged between 35.5% and 81.8% with a mean value of 53.1%+/- 2.2. Quantitative information was obtained for the first time on the velocity pulse characteristics just before the human capillary bed. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.