Prediction criteria of promising F-3 populations in durum wheat: A comparative study
AuthorKotzamanidis, S. T.; Lithourgidis, A. S.; Mavromatis, A. G.; Chasioti, D. I.; Roupakias, D. G.
Effective selection of parental material and promising segregating populations is an essential requirement for breeding success. There are many contradictive reports about the best parent selection criterion for the development of promising crosses. For the clarification of this problem field experiments were conducted for four consecutive years to compare the effectiveness of six criteria for the prediction of the most promising F-3 populations in durum wheat (Triticum durum L.): the mid-parent value, the F-1, the F-2, the (F-1 + F-2)/2, and the genetic distance among the parents as it is calculated using the SSR and RAPD molecular markers. During the first growing season (2003-2004) nine commercial cultivars of durum wheat and four landraces were crossed. The following growing season (2004-2005), 17 crosses (F-1 generation) were evaluated under low plant density (1.15 plants m(-2)) in a replicated (R-21) honeycomb design. During the third growing season (2005-2006), the four highest yielding crosses, one cross with an intermediate yield, and the three crosses with the lowest yield (172 generation) were evaluated under low plant density in a R-9 honeycomb design. Finally, in the fourth growing season (2006-2007) progeny of the aforementioned eight crosses (173 generation) and the ten parents were evaluated in a randomized complete block design in two locations. Furthermore, the genetic distance among the parents was determined using the SSR and RAPD molecular markers. It was observed that the three F-3 populations with the lowest yielding ability were the ones with the lowest mid-parental value. In addition, one of the two top F-3 populations was second in the rank according to the mid-parental value. Furthermore, the two top F-3 populations were also the highest yielding in the F-1 and F-2 generations. On the contrary, none of these crosses were predicted by the genetic distance as it was calculated using the SSR and RAPID molecular markers. It was concluded that parental pairs with high mid-parental value and high combined yield (F-1 + F-2)/2 obtained after evaluation of their F-1 and F-2 at low plant density was the most effective way to predict promising F3 populations. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.