Absence of leptin expression and secretion by human luteinized granulosa cells
AuthorKaramouti, M.; Kollia, P.; Karligiotou, E.; Kallitsaris, A.; Prapas, N.; Kollios, G.; Seferiadis, K.; Vamvakopoulos, N.; Messinis, I. E.
Whether leptin is secreted by the human ovary is not known. The available data on leptin gene (ob gene) expression by human granulosa cells are conflicting. The aim of the present study was first to re-examine the expression of leptin messenger RNA (mRNA) by human granulosa cells and second to investigate if these cells have the ability to secrete leptin in cultures. Human luteinized granulosa cells were obtained from normal women undergoing in vitro fertilisation treatment after ovarian stimulation and follicle aspiration. The expression of ob gene was studied by Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) both in primary granulosa cells treated immediately after oocyte recovery and in cells cultured up to 24 h under baseline and hormonally stimulated conditions (FSH: 100 ng/ml, LH: 100 ng/ml). ob mRNA transcripts were not detected in luteinized granulosa cells, while they were present in adipose tissue cDNA. Actin gene expression was detected in all studied samples. Using a sensitive radioimmunoassay (lower limit of detection 0.05 ng/ml), leptin was undetectable in the culture media at all points during the 72 h cultures, while at the same time significant amounts of oestradiol and progesterone were produced particularly after the addition of androstendione (1 muM) to the incubation media. These results demonstrate for the first time that leptin is not secreted by human luteinized granulosa cells in cultures. From a physiological point of view, this may contribute to the development of the optimal follicular environment for oocyte maturation during the preovulatory period.