Multi-objective framework for structural model identification
Structural identification based on measured dynamic data is formulated in a multi-objective context that allows the simultaneous minimization of the various objectives related to the fit between measured and model predicted data. Thus, the need for using arbitrary weighting factors for weighting the relative importance of each objective is eliminated. For conflicting objectives there is no longer one solution but rather a whole set of acceptable compromise solutions, known as Pareto solutions, which are optimal in the sense that they cannot be improved in any objective without causing degradation in at least one other objective. The strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm is used to estimate the set of Pareto optimal structural models and the corresponding Pareto front. The multi-objective structural identification framework is presented for linear models and measured data consisting of modal frequencies and modeshapes. The applicability of the framework to non-linear model identification is also addressed. The framework is illustrated by identifying the Pareto optimal models for a scaled laboratory building structure using experimentally obtained modal data. A large variability in the Pareto optimal structural models is observed. It is demonstrated that the structural reliability predictions computed from the identified Pareto optimal models may vary considerably. The proposed methodology can be used to explore the variability in such predictions and provide updated structural safety assessments, taking into consideration all Pareto structural models that are consistent with the measured data. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.