Polyphenolic composition of grape stem extracts affects antioxidant activity in endothelial and muscle cells
AuthorGoutzourelas, N.; Stagos, D.; Spanidis, Y.; Liosi, M.; Apostolou, A.; Priftis, A.; Haroutounian, S.; Spandidos, D. A.; Tsatsakis, A. M.; Kouretas, D.
The aim of the present study was the assessment of the antioxidant effects of polyphenolic extracts derived from the stems of three Greek grape varieties (Moshomayro, Mavrotragano and Mandilaria) in endothelial (EA.hy926) and muscle (C2C12) cells. We also investigated the effects of the polyphenolic composition on the antioxidant effects of the grape stem extracts. For this purpose, the endothelial and muscle cells were treated with low non-cytotoxic concentrations of the extracts for 24 h in order to assess the effects of the extracts on cellular redox status using oxidative stress biomarkers. The oxidative stress markers were thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein carbonyl (CARB) levels, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and glutathione (GSH) levels. The results revealed that treatment of the EA.hy926 cells with.
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