Effects of sarcoptic mange on the reproductive performance of ewes and transmission of Sarcoptes scabiei to newborn lambs
In each of two experiments, the reproductive performance of ewes naturally infested with sarcoptic mange and of uninfested ewes was assessed in in-season natural breeding conditions (experiment I) or in out-of-season controlled breeding conditions (experiment II). A statistically significant difference was observed in the total lambs born per ewe (infested ewes, 1.2; controls, 1.6), in the livebom lambs per ewe (infested ewes, 1.2; controls, 1.5) and in the lamb body weight per ewe (infested ewes, 3.33 kg; controls, 4.53 kg) under natural breeding conditions, as well as in the lamb body weight per ewe (infested ewes, 3.37 kg; controls, 4.14 kg) among ewes under controlled breeding conditions. No adverse effects were observed in the other reproductive indices, cycling rate, matting rate, retum-to-oestrus rate, abortion rate, lambing rate and stillbirth rate. Sarcoptic mange was observed in the offspring of infested ewes after 30 days and in the offspring of uninfested controls 60 days after their birth. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.