Attenuating activity of the ovary on LH response to GnRH during the follicular phase of the cycle
AuthorDimitraki, M.; Messini, C. I.; Dafopoulos, K.; Gioka, T.; Koutlaki, N.; Garas, A.; Georgoulias, P.; Messinis, I. E.
Objective Oestradiol sensitizes the pituitary to GnRH, while gonadotrophin surge attenuating factor (GnSAF) may oppose this action. Using the LH response to GnRH during treatment with FSH as an in vivo bioassay for GnSAF, we tested the hypothesis that the augmented LH response to GnRH in the late follicular phase is related to reduced production of GnSAF from the ovulatory follicle. Design Prospective intervention study. Patients Ten healthy, normally cycling women. Measurements The LH response to 10 mu g GnRH i.v. (Delta LH) was investigated on days 2 and 3 and on days v (follicle size 16-17 mm) and v + 1 of cycle 1 (control) and cycle 2. On days 2 and v, a single s.c. injection of either normal saline (cycle 1) or 450 IU recombinant FSH (cycle 2) was given after the end of the GnRH experiment. Results FSH injection increased both serum oestradiol and inhibin B. In cycle 1, Delta LH remained unchanged from days 2 to 3 but increased significantly from days v to v + 1. In contrast, in cycle 2, Delta LH decreased significantly from days 2 to 3 (P < 0.05) and showed a nonsignificant increase from day v to day v + 1. The percentage difference in Delta LH between cycle 1 and cycle 2 was similar on days 3 (-66.9 +/- 17.5%) and v + 1 (-65.2 +/- 3.6%). Conclusions These results suggest that during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, GnSAF is produced by small antral follicles, while the contribution of the ovulatory follicle is minimal.