Massive vulvar edema in a woman with preeclampsia: A case report
BACKGROUND: Massive vulvar edema in a woman with preeclampsia preceded the development of massive ascites and impending eclampsia. CASE: A 17-year-old preeclamptic, primiparous woman was admitted with preeclampsia and massive vulvar edema. Other causes were excluded. The vulvar edema increased as the blood pressure and ascites increased, and a severe headache developed. Cesarean section for increasing preclampsia was performed. In the puerperium, the blood pressure improved and vulvar edema resolved. The clinical picture of the vulvar edema correlated with the severity of the preeclampsia. CONCLUSION: The presence of vulvar edema in women with pre eclampsia should indicate immediate admission to the hospital. These patients must be considered as at high risk, and dose monitoring must be instituted. In our case, vulvar edema preceded massive ascites development. We assume a common development mechanism for these signs in preeclampsia, due mainly to increased capillary permeability and hypoalbuminemia. The attending physician must be prepared for immediate delivery and possible preeclampsia complications in these patients. © Journal of Reproductive Medicine®, Inc.