Response evaluation of axially loaded fixed-head pile groups in clayey soils
The aim of this paper is to investigate the interaction between the piles in a group with a rigid head and correlate the response of a group of piles to that of a single pile. For this purpose, a computationally intensive study using 3-D nonlinear numerical analysis was carried out for different pile group arrangernents in clayey soils. The responses of the groups of piles were compared with that of a single pile and the variation of the settlernent amplification factor R-a was then quantified. The influence of the number of piles, the spacing, and the settlement level on the group response is discussed. A previously proposed relationship for predicting the response of a pile group, based on its configuration and the response of a single pile, has been modified to extend its applicability for any pile spacing. The modified relationship provides a reasonable prediction for various group configurations in clayey soils. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.