Effect of dietary olive leaves and/or α-tocopheryl acetate supplementation on microbial growth and lipid oxidation of turkey breast fillets during refrigerated storage
Thirty turkeys were allocated to five groups of six birds each. One group that served as control was fed a basal diet, while the others were fed diets supplemented with olive leaves at 5 or 10 g/kg, or α-tocopheryl acetate at 150 or 300 mg/kg. Following slaughter, fillets from breast were stored at 4 °C in the dark for 12 days, and lipid oxidation and microbial growth were assessed. Results showed that the incorporation of olive leaves in turkey diets increased (P < 0.05) the oxidative stability of raw breast fillets during refrigerated storage. Dietary olive leaves at 10 g/kg were more effective (P < 0.05) in inhibiting lipid oxidation compared to 5 g/kg, but inferior to the supplementation of 300 mg α-tocopheryl acetate/kg. In turn, α-tocopheryl acetate supplementation at 150 mg/kg was equal to olive leaves at 5 g/kg but inferior to olive leaves at 10 g/kg. Total viable counts, lactic acid bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae and psychrotrophic bacteria counts were all increased (P < 0.05) in breast fillets of all groups throughout the refrigerated storage. Diet supplementation with α-tocopheryl acetate had no effect on the bacterial counts recorded in the control group, but diet supplementation with olive leaves resulted in decrease (P < 0.05) of all bacterial counts at day 2 of storage and thereafter; during this period, olive leaves at the level of 10 g/kg were more effective in inhibiting bacterial growth compared to the level of 5 g/kg. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.