Association between the primary biliary cirrhosis specific anti-sp100 antibodies and recurrent urinary tract infection
AuthorBogdanos, D. P.; Baum, H.; Butler, P.; Rigopoulou, E. I.; Davies, E. T.; Ma, Y.; Burroughs, A. K.; Vergani, D.
Background and aims. Recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) have been suggested to be involved in the induction of anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA), the serological hallmark of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), in view of the presence of AMA in rUTI women without liver disease and conversely of a high prevalence of rUTI in women with PBC. This prompted us to investigate whether PBC-specific anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) to sp100, gp210 and lamin B receptor (LBR) antigens may also be related to rUTI. Methods and subjects. PBC-specific ANA reactivities were investigated in 20 women with rUTI but without liver disease, some of whom were AMA-seropositive; 40 women with PBC, with or without rUTI; and 104 pathological and 23 healthy controls. Results. Among the women with rUTI but without liver disease, 8 (80%) of 10 AMA-positive women reacted with sp100 compared with none of the 10 AMA-negative women. Among the PBC patients, 14 (74%) of 19 with rUTI and 1 (4.8%) of the 21 without rUTI reacted with sp100. None of the rUTI women without liver disease reacted with gp210 or LBR. None of 127 pathological and healthy controls had PBC-specific ANA reactivity. Conclusions. Anti-sp100 reactivity strongly correlates with AMA seropositivity in rUTI women, with or without evidence of primary biliary cirrhosis. These findings provide additional support to the notion that E. coli infection is involved in the induction of PBC-specific autoimmunity. Additional factors must be involved in the progression to overt autoimmune disease. (C) 2003 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.