Novel quality control methods in conjunction with chemometrics (multivariate analysis) for detecting honey authenticity
The importance of honey has been recently upgraded because of its nutrient and therapeutic effect. The adulteration of honey increased exponentially in terms of both geographic and/or botanical origin. Therefore, the need has arisen for more effective quality control methods aiming at detecting adulteration. Various novel, fast, and accurate methods like AAS, HPLC, GC-MS, ES-MS, TLC, HPAED-PAD, NMR, FT-Raman, and NIR have enriched the arsenal of analytical chemist in this direction. However, apart from these novel methods, the application of multivariate analysis and, in particular PCA, CLA, and CA, proved to be extremely useful for grouping and detecting honey of various origins. Mineral and trace element analysis were repeatedly shown to be a very effective means for the classification purposes of honey of various origins (geographical and botanical).