Congenital Fusion of the Thalami (Atresia of the Third Ventricle) Associated with Parietooccipital Meningocele
In this article we present a case of a male newborn with a CNS malformation that is characterized mainly by complete fusion of the thalami resulting in atresia of the 3rd ventricle accompanied by fusion of the anterior peduncles of the fornix, the presence of a single occult interventricular foramen lying at the midline, absence of the septum pellucidum, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, disorganization of the head of the left caudate nucleus, and greatly dilated lateral ventricles (hydrocephalus). The patient underwent surgical correction of the meningocele on his 4th postnatal day. On his 13th postnatal day he had projectile vomiting due to a left parietooccipital hygroma that was drained via a shunt. On his 31st postnatal day he developed seizures and marked dilatation of the lateral ventricles, for which he underwent a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (Brown). On the 14th postoperative day the patient developed aspiration pneumonia and died.