Nasal corticosteroids for children with snoring
AuthorAlexopoulos, E. I.; Kaditis, A. G.; Kalampouka, E.; Kostadima, E.; Angelopoulos, N. V.; Mikraki, V.; Skenteris, N.; Gourgoulianis, K.
Nasal corticosteroids improve polysomnography indices but not symptoms in children with mild to moderate sleep-disordered breathing. We hypothesized that administration of nasal corticosteroids for 4 weeks to snoring children with only mild elevation in their apnea-hypopnea index would improve both polysomnography findings and symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing. Budesonide 50 mcg per nostril twice daily was administered for 4 weeks to children (2-14 years old) with habitual snoring and an apnea-hypopnea index of 1-10 episodes/hr. Subjects were evaluated before treatment and at 2 weeks and 9 months after its completion. Primary outcome variables were changes in apnea-hypopnea index and symptom score. Twenty-seven children were studied. At 2 weeks, the mean apnea-hypopnea index decreased from 5.2 (+/-2.2) episodes/hr to 3.2 (+/-1.5) episodes/hr, and median oxygen desaturation of hemoglobin index fell from 3.1 (0.4-8.2) to 1.9 (0.2-5.4) (P < 0.0001). Mean symptom score was 1.33 (+/-2.11) at baseline, and decreased to -0.008 (+/-2.24) at 2 weeks after treatment and to -1.08 (+/-1.75) at 9 months after treatment (P < 0.05). Four weeks of nasal budesonide improved both polysomnography findings and symptoms in children with mild sleep-disordered breathing. The clinical effect is maintained for several months after treatment. (C) 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.